Polycystic ovarian disease (or PCOD) is a hormonal disease that causes the formation of small cysts in the ovaries. It affects 8% to 12% of the female population in the fertile age group. Women like 15 to 45 years more commonly affected Polycystic ovaries (heavy periods). 

There is no complete cure for Polycystic ovarian disease but it can be managed by medication therapy and lifestyle modifications.

The symptoms of Polycystic ovarian disease are:

  • Acne: the skin becomes acne-prone
  • Weight gain: obesity is the major risk factor
  • Irregular periods: women either experience no periods or shorter periods.
  • Menorrhagia (heavy periods): excessive blood loss
  • Hirsutism:  excessive hair growth on the body
  • Difficult to conceive (or infertility): women find it difficult to conceive since the male hormones are increased in the female body. Thereby it suppresses the female hormones and the male hormones like androgen, testosterone dominates. 
  • Mood swings
  • The appearance of facial hair
  • Heavy periods also called menorrhagia is defined as excessive periods of blood loss that lasts for more than 10 days.

Heavy periods or menorrhagia in polycystic ovarian disease causes bleeding that leads to anemia if left untreated. It can be a life-threatening condition when not cured properly. It shows pale skin, white nails, and thinning of hairs upon chronic menorrhagia.

  • Menstrual periods can be termed as heavy periods if they tend to change one sanitary pad or tampon in an hour.
  • If the bleeding longs for more than 7 to 10 days.
  • The need to change the sanitary pad and tampon during night time 
  • Excessive bleeding that causes slowness and tiredness
  • Bleeding associated with Stomach pain and back pain 
  • Severe bleeding that limits to perform the daily tasks.


  •  NSAID’s advice aspirin or ibuprofen to manage menorrhagia. It helps to manage pain and stomach stitch during bleeding.
  • Birth control pills given for ovulation and bleeding.
  • Hormone replacement therapy given with progesterone hormone.
  • The iron levels corrected with an iron supplement in menorrhagia 

Medication adherence and lifestyle modifications help manage heavy bleeding.

Diet and lifestyle management treated the disease naturally. Cut off the junk foods from the diet and regular exercise help to manage the condition.  Yoga and meditation prove to be of great help to maintain good health.


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