PCOS and PCOD are the disorders of the female reproduction system. Both these diseases are completely different in their etiological factors and symptoms. Polycystic ovarian syndrome is a disease of the endocrine system. It is associated with hormonal imbalance and genetic disorders. These disorders are associated with ovaries. They are mostly associated with genetic disorders. PCOD is mainly due to hormonal imbalance.
In Polycystic ovarian Disease and Polycystic ovarian Syndrome, the most common one is Polycystic ovarian disease.
The human body has several hormones. Among them, the most crucial ones are male sex hormones and female sexual hormones. They are produced in the required amounts in the body at optimal conditions.
In the female body, the male hormones are produced in lesser amounts than the female hormones. The male hormone is also known as androgens and the female hormones known as progesterone. In the female body, progesterone dominates the androgen levels thereby enhancing the female sexual characters.
In polycystic ovarian syndrome, the hormonal disturbance occurs, the male hormones begin to dominate and highlights the male characters in the female body like excessive hair growth on the body, facial hairs, hirsutism, prolonged periods, painful periods, etc.
They begin to lose their hair from the scalp in the male pattern, This also leads to constant headache and depression.
Coming to the fertility point of view, women of childbearing age can conceive a baby and plan a healthy pregnancy. But that is not the case with patients with Polycystic ovarian syndrome. Women who conceive with untreated Polycystic ovarian syndrome usually result in ending up their pregnancy due to abortion or unhealthy pregnancy.
Women with Polycystic ovarian disease can conceive a baby and carryout the pregnancy safely.
Women usually get confused between Polycystic ovarian disease and Polycystic ovarian syndrome. They both differ in all aspects. To an extent, Polycystic ovarian disease is not quite a serious disorder while Polycystic ovarian syndrome is chronic in nature and causes major complications if left untreated.
The most common change that occurs in PCOS is irregular periods. Due to the excess male hormone, the menstrual cycle gets prolonged. It may extend up to a period of 2 to 3 months.
Diet management, active lifestyle, and proper treatment will help to treat PCOD symptoms while the symptoms of PCOS are quite long-lasting. PCOS is much worse than PCOD as it takes too long to get treated.