Causes of PCOD
Polycystic Ovarian Disease/ Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOD/PCOS) is a common women’s health syndrome. The experts have a belief that PCOD causes are mainly due to the increased level of androgen hormone. More studies are done on PCOD and daily positive measure comes out for the following disorder.
Causes of PCOD may be also in your genes. You can easily receive it from your parents. According to certain related research, around 20% of women with PCOD/PCOS had a mother with PCOD/PCOS and around 30% of women had a sister with the same disorder.
The family members of women with PCOD/PCOS are under increased risk.
There is no particular gene for PCOD/PCOS.
Around 50% of women with PCOD/PCOS had a mother or a sister with the same medical condition.
Women whose family member had PCOD/PCOS sometime in their life have a greater risk of developing the same metabolic abnormality. However, there is no single gene for PCOD/PCOS. In this condition when your disease is due to heredity, multiple genes seem to work. This is the reason why PCOD/PCOS has a wide range of symptoms which gets develop at different levels and insulin resistance.
Most of the women with PCOD/PCOS expect to gain weight. However, obesity makes insulin resistance worse. Women who are thin with PCOD/PCOS even have insulin resistance. According to some of the research, it has shown that women who have PCOD/PCOS will experience insulin resistance despite their weight (overweight or lean) when we had a comparison of the same age who do not experience PCOD/PCOS.
This should be noticed, that the excess body weight – often a key factor in insulin resistance in both women and men without PCOD/PCOS.
High androgen level
Another reason can be high levels of androgens. Androgens can also be named as ‘male hormones’, although women make small amounts of androgens. These hormones help in controlling the development of male traits which includes male-pattern baldness. Women with PCOD have more amount of androgen in comparison to normal women. When the normal androgen level in women is high it prevents the ovaries from releasing an egg (ovulation) during each menstrual cycle. Thus it causes extra hair growth along with acne, two signs of PCOD.
Insulin is a hormone which is responsible to control the food you eat, it converts into energy. In insulin resistance, the body’s cell does not respond to insulin. It results in increased insulin blood levels than the normal. Many women who have PCOD have insulin resistance also, especially when they are overweight, have unhealthy eating habits, do not involve in enough physical activity and generally have a family history of diabetes (usually type 2 diabetes). Slowly and gradually, insulin resistance leads to type 2 diabetes.
Insulin resistance can be a major cause of PCOD
Women with PCOD/PCOS, the insulin resistance is the indicator that you may have prediabetes and the risk fo diabetes has increased. It is also similar to women without diabetes.
Insulin resistance clearly indicates that your body is not able to send an adequate quantity of glucose to the cells. It clearly means that cells are not able to receive glucose which is necessary as fuel throughout your body. In this condition, the pancreas produces more amount of insulin to keep the glucose level even. However, the extra amount of insulin has several negative effects. The ovaries shut down and which generates a higher amount of male hormone, androgens which include testosterone.
In PCOD/PCOS patients the level of androgen amount is high. This increased level halts the ovulation, by altering the luteinizing and gonadotropin-releasing hormone. At the midpoint of the women’s menstrual cycle, both these hormones help in the development and release of an egg.
When your ovulation does not occur regularly it would lead to irregular periods or amenorrhea. Which results in the absence of menstrual cycles, infertility, and development of ovarian cysts. However, it is not necessary that it would affect all women, with PCOD/PCOS. Furthermore, if you have acne, your acne can get worse with excessive hair growth on your face, chest, neck, and legs. However, insulin resistance can give rise to skin changes which include skin age and darkened areas. You can even experience stubborn weight gain which is definitely going to make your PCOD/PCOS symptoms even worse.